The draft of forestry law was adopted by the plenary session of the
Council of Ministers on 20 July 2001. It contains 18 chapters and 109
articles. The draft of the law was officially submitted to the National
Assembly through the letter No 179 dated 17 August 2001. Subsequently, the
Permanent Committee of National Assembly submitted the draft to the
committee of Economic, Planning, Agriculture Investment, Rural Development
and Environment (third committee) of National Assembly for ratification.
The third committee finished their ratification on 24 April 2002. The
draft has put on the 6th agenda of the 8th plenary session of the National
Assembly, which began 13 May 2002.
- Wildlife Law
With financial support from the United Kingdom Embassy and with technical
assistance from WCF, the draft of Wildlife Law was prepared, and launched
for public consultation at the national level one time on 18 may 2001.
Presently, the draft is undergoing a review process after receiving
recommendations from concerned institutions. MAFF expects that this draft
will be submitted to Council of Ministers in early 2003.
- Statement of National Forest Policy
Currently. DFW has been charged to function as the Secretariat of the
“National Committee to manage and Execute Forest Management Policy”. In
its work the secretariat has collaborated effectively and with GTZ
(Cambodia-German Forestry Project) drafted a National Forest Policy
Statement with main objective of establishing the framework of the future
of national forestry policy in Cambodia.
The major elements of the draft of National Forestry Statement are stated
RGC commits itself to the conservation and sustainable management of
forest resources acknowledging the multiple perceptions related to
interest and objective of Cambodia Society and other groups of local,
national and region levels. Due to the significance of national forestry
resources, the RGC has focused on:
and the sustainable management of natural resources in order to ensure a
maximum participation in
economic development of the country.
Within the conservation and sustainable forest management schemes a
maximum involvement of the private sector and
participation of the local community shall be achieved in order to warrant
traditional rights food security,
wide range of coordinated multi-stakeholder processes shall be implemented
enabling the harmonization of
the different perceptions, interest and objectives of the various forest
interest groups at all levels.
draft of national forest policy statement contains four major objectives:
Forest resource conservation such as natural forest resource protection in
order to secure the function and benefits of biodiversity and watershed
management with a maximum participation of the local community.
Good governance (to ensure a transparency, public participation, providing
commons, equalization of benefit, institutional development, capacity
building for all levels, decentralization and establishing forestry
Economic development (Optimize the socio- economic contribution of
forestry, promote forest plantation development and wood processing),
Poverty Reduction (condition of obtaining benefit from natural forest
resources, recognize the traditional right and implementation of forest
draft of the national forest policy statement has been delivered to all
concerned institutions for hearing their opinion and for providing
recommendations. The Secretariat of the National Committee to Manage and
Execute Forest Management Policy will be making an assessment of all
comments and recommendations for eventual consideration.
supportive legal measures
has been active in a number of fields where initiation of legal guidelines
was urgent. Some of the more
important measures are listed as follows:
on community forestry
Sub-Decree on community forestry is the result of an extraordinary process
of joint efforts of projects, NGO’s, government institutions with
participation of many people living in rural areas in drafting, reviewing
and reconciling many interests and perceptions of a considerable number of
stakeholders. This would not have been possible without the agreement on
cooperation and support and establishment of a Task Force comprising,
Cambodian-German Forestry Project (CGFP)
- Concern Worldwide and
- Sustainable Management of Resources Project (SMRP) funded by Germany
- The World Bank.
Task Force established with the objective to re-draft a community forestry
sub-decree had been formally established in June 2001. To obtain a solid
basis of knowledge on needs and expectations the Task Force conducted
participatory consultations in 14 provinces, organized 15 workshops with
local communities, national and international organizations as well as
public consultation and hearings with concerned institutions on 5
occasions in DFW. The draft of the Community Forestry Sub-Decree is
under discussion within MAFF who are expected to submit the Sub-Decree to
the Council of Ministers soon.
of sub-decree on forest protection for conservation of wildlife and gene
resources concerns an area in Mondul Kiri and Preah Vihear Provinces covering
661,432 ha, of which 471,405 ha are situated in Mondul Kiri and 190,027 ha
in Preah Vihear. This Sub-Decree has been submitted to the
Inter-Ministerial Meeting on 13 May 2002 and will be submitted to the
plenary session of the Council of Ministers soon.
Draft of sub-decree on forest protection for conservation of watershed and
bio-diversity of the Central Cardamom is still discussing within MAFF,
but will submitted to the Council of Ministers soon.
(Prokas) No 5721-dated 13 December 2001, on suspension of forest
concession logging activities had been issued by MAFF in order to
strengthen implementation of this measure. In addition, MAFF issued a
further declaration (Prokas) No 155 dated 21 May 2002 on suspension of
concession log transportation.
issued Decree No 05, dated 30 August 2001, and Decree No 527, dated 28
December 2001, regulating the maximum weight of loaded forest products in
order to reduce destruction and costs of maintaining infrastructure such
as roads and bridges. Overloaded log trucks have been causing severe
damage on Cambodian roads and bridges. Violators of these decrees must
repair damages to roads and bridges, and could be subject to legal
proceedings, including closedown of their factories or even termination of
their concession contracts.
Forest Concession Management
are currently 15 (fifteen) forest concessions holding an investment
agreement, which still has validity. All of these are in the process of
preparing new forest concession management plan and will be negotiating
new forest concession investment agreements.
» Cancellation of investment agreement, logging license and forest
concession harvesting contracts:
1999 up to present, the RGC has cancelled 13 of investment agreements,
logging license and forest concession harvesting contracts covering a
total area 2.5 million hectares.
Recently, RGC has cancelled investment agreement, logging license and
forest concession harvesting contracts from two companies of the above
group of 13 concerning Hero Taiwan, which has a forest concession in
Rattanak Kiri province covering an area 60,150 hectares and Vuthy Peanex,
which holds forest concession in Koh Kong province with total area 63,050
hectares through letter No 27 dated 08 May 2002, these forest areas that
extracted from the two companies keep as permanent forest estate.
||» Identification of village and agricultural land within forest
order to reduce conflict of interest between local communities and
concessionaires, in October 2001, the MAFF designated a commission to
identify village and agricultural land under the present cultivation
within forest concession areas. The outcome from this effort in forest
land covering 751,968 ha having been excluded from concession land.
» Forest Concession Management
order to ensure of a sustainable forest and wildlife resources in forest
concession, all concessionaires agreed to prepare sustainable forest
management plans consistent with international standards. DFW, the CTIA
representative, and the Donor representative agreed that the dateline for
submitting forest management plans would be set to be 30 September 2001.
Regarding technical implementation issues, there were 16 concessionaires,
which their field implementation plan had been approved in September 2001.
Based on this reason, the last dateline, which were accepted by all
parties, and provide the time for concessionaires to submit management
plan until September 2002. However, only nine forest concessions companies
out of fifteen currently had submitted forest concession management plans
to DFW for reviewing and approval.
is led implement by working group, Dr. Dennis J. Cengel, project advisor
of Forest Concession Management and Control Pilot, Mr. Yann Pretrucci,
team leader of representative of Forest Resource Management (FMR)
consultant firm, which is currently carrying out in the Forest Concession
Management and Control Pilot project, with the World Bank loan of US$ 5
million. Currently, the working group has prepared a criteria and
indicator for evaluate the strategy of forest concession management plan,
which submitted by concessionaires. Moreover, the working group is also
verifying and evaluating the management plan in the field, which lead by
expert of FRM consultant firm.
||» Negotiation of forest concession agreements
concerned had agreed that negotiations of forest concession agreements
should be completed by the end of September 2002. In the negotiation
process, concessionaires basically agreed on technical points, but did no
agree to keep the royalty rate unchanged. They were opposed to the fact
that that RGC kept the same royalty rate of US$54 /m3
Consequently concessionaires requested RGC to reduce the royalty rate and
to grant export tax exemption on forest products and import tax exemption
on working materials used in forest concessions.
||» Forest concession harvesting activities
January 01, 2002, MAFF (DFW) has suspended to issue cutting permit to all
concessionaires, and closed down all logging coupes of the year 2001 and
stop all logging activities since 31 December 2001 until concessionaires
obtained the approval on new forest concession management plan consistent
with legal and technical requirements of sustainable forest management.
and monitoring log traffic
the definite intention to improving log-monitoring capabilities, it
requires to use Bare Code in combination with the existing system for log
traffic monitoring. Application of bare code tags will commence in
September 2002. Bare Code firm tags will be attached to the logs and
together with an electronic encoder connected with computer for tracking
and destination of logs.
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries is very keen to use Bare
Code as a highly reliable technological system. It will require thorough
training of monitoring teams but will then contribute to more efficient
monitoring activities. Therefore, we expect assistance and support from
donors, especially World Bank for successful application of this
technology. Mr. Bill Magrath, World Bank representative, committed by
himself to provide the technical report for using bar-coded log tagging as
prepared by SGS two weeks after the Workshop and Tradeshow “Verifying
Wood Sources and Legal Compliance” This exhibition had been organized in
the SUN WAY Hotel, Phnom Penh on 21 March 2002. However, MAFF (DFW) has
not yet received this report for study and evaluation. MAFF (DFW) is
committed to using this Bare Code when inception report, equipment and
training of staff have been made available.
Crime Monitoring and Reporting Project
the early year 2001, project operations has met some problems caused by
lack of funding for supporting its operation for several months (March to
October 2001). However, the project staffs as well as field staff were
able to continue their operation even when they encountered any obstacles.
They manage to continue investigate and eliminate forest crime in time
signing the Reporting Protocol for Reporting Forest Crime in July 2001
between the various project components and donors countries (Denmark),
MAFF (DFW) had been taken actions to improve relationship among project
partners, especially with Global Witness. Moreover, MAFF was involved in
the project amendment and signed by three parties on this document, i.e.,
representatives of RGC, UNDP and FAO, in order to obtain additional
financial support for the operation of the Forest Crime Monitoring and
Reporting Project granted by DFID of the United Kingdom.
strengthen the efficiency of project operation and in order to solve the
problems that occurred, MAFF (DFW) has implemented the following measures:
June, DFW restructured the Forest Crime Monitoring Unit due to the need to
maintain sustainability of the project
since it operated without the role of a CTA for several months. At this
time, DFW has approved another reorganization of the structure of the
Forest Crime Monitoring and Reporting Project consistent with the Project
Amendment in order to avoid future confusions.
In an effort to improve Project effectiveness and coordination, and
to increase information exchange, a Working
Group was been established and has the meetings every week on Friday. It
comprises representatives from the DFW, as well as the Ministry of
Environment, the Focal Point Coordinator, representatives from Global
Witness, the CTA of the Forest Crime Monitoring and Reporting Project, and
the Project Advisor from the World Bank LIL.
March 2002, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has
collaborated with Ministry of Environment, FAO and UNDP organized the
Second Annual Workshop on ‘tStrengthening Forest Crime
Monitoring and Reporting” was held on 27 and 28 March 2002, at the
Sunway Hotel, Phnom Penh. The objectives of the workshop were defined as
and assessing project implementation.
Determining the strategy and activities for future operation in
order to contribute substantially to sustainable forest
the project work plan.Strengthening cooperation with institutions
the project objectives with high efficiency and using the project budget
and human resource with
to strengthen through training the capabilities of project staffs at
district, provincial and national levels,
the past as well as today, MAFF (DFW) has always considered Global Witness
as a partner in the implementation of the Forest Crime Monitoring and
Reporting Project. The Independent Monitor is an essential element of the
monitoring process and contributes to the objective of strengthening
implementation of RGC’ Forest Policy. However, Global witness was not
interested in verification and did not provide any assistance to suppress
forest crime and arrest offenders. For improving the working relationship
and the partnership, since October 2001 MAFF (DFW) offered Global Witness
a working place within DFW in order to facilitate cooperation and sharing
of information. For unknown reasons Global Witness never accepted this
offer and never came working at DFW. Moreover, as mentioned above, DFW had
organized meetings every Friday. However, Global Witness often disturbed
the meeting. In particular, in February 2002, Global Witness was absent
even though they had been expressly invited to attend. Recently, Global
Witness apologized and came back to participate in the meetings.
during all time that we have been inviting Global Witness to verify
information they have never given any comment. But outside they always
talked negatively about the Government of Cambodia. In a particular case,
H.E. SUM MANIT, Chief of the Focal Point of the Council of Ministers
mentioned in the closing ceremony of the Second Annual Workshop on the 28
March 2002 at Sunway that in mid 2001 H.E. attended the workshop on
“Anti corruption” held in Prague, Czech Republic. On that occasion
Global Witness again accused the Cambodian Government by showing the old
photographs of forest illegal activities and alleged” corruption from
the top to the low level”. That caused considerable surprise and doubts
in the international community about the real situation in Cambodia.
30 March 2002, Global Witness conducted an aerial survey on the GAT
International Concession in Kompong Thom Province. They were sure to have
detected and seen illegal logging over but did not provide the information
to DFW for taking action, prevention and suppression. Four weeks later the
information was publicly released by the Cambodia Daily volume 23 issues
73, dated 26 April 2002. They reported on illegal logging and that Global
Witness had found 119 stumps in Coup 4 of GAT International concession,
Kampong Thom. Until 24 April 2002. Global Witness called one staff of the
project to joint with them to investigate forest crime without mentioning
this crime case. Then on Monday, 29 April 2002, Global Witness reports
these facts to DFW, claiming DFW was responsible that those logs had been
illegally removes and that only the stumps remained. It must be stated
that such activities by Global Witness clearly deviate from the Reporting
Protocol, which Global Witness signed with the RGC on 05 June 2001.
receiving this information, DFW dispatched a fact-finding team to conduct
detailed investigations. They counted 430 stumps in the GAT International
Concession, but did not discover any logs still remaining over there.
Currently, DFW is continuing the investigation to arrest the offenders for
punishment and for taking action against the concessionaire in accordance
with legal procedure, if the concessionaire had been involved.
» In this case RGC decided as follows:
Temporary suspension of forest harvesting activity of GAT International,
Kampong Thom until the investigation
has been completed.
Warning and a fine levied against GAT International Company for tolerating
illegal activities within their concession.
of the Kampong Thom forestry officials in charge of supervision in the
concession area of GAT
Subsequently, the following action was taken by MAFF/DFW:
forestry activity of GAT International Company was suspended,
stern warning was written to GAT International company, because of lack of
control of the concession area;
Baksnar forestry officers in Kompong Thom responsible for the control of
concession in the area concerned
was assigned to a different job;
has sent the necessary documents concerning this case to the Kompong Thom
Court for prosecution.
May of this year, on the newspaper has published information on mass man
attack Ms Eva Galabru, Global Witness coordinator. This case, the RGC has
paying high attention and encourage professional competent to investigate
offenders and punish them in accordance with legal procedure.
1999 to April 2002 Collected forest crime information and classified all
of those information in by case type into the case tracking system amounts
to 2,231 cases (from 01-01-1999 to 30-4-2002). Among them, 169 cases
(7.5%) reported by Global Witness. According to investigation,
verification and suppression in the field, among the 169 cases is that 103
cases (61%) were old information, 49 cases (29%) were not forest crime
activities and 17 cases (10%) were actual violations.
On 20 May 2002, the National Committee to Manage and Execute Forest
Management Policy organized a meeting at the Council for Development
Cambodia, to which were invited concerned institutions, donors and
Global Witness to discuss the Review of the process of Implementation
of the Forest Management Policy.
all the facts presented so far it is fair to conclude that from January
2001 to April 2002, MAFF has made considerable progress and in eliminating
anarchic activities in the forestry sector (See annex 1).
logged-over forestland and reforestation
of degraded shrub lands with the participation of local people is one
of the biggest and most difficult challenges facing the DFW at present and
very likely far into far into the future. Because of the high dependence
of rural people on fuel wood, non-timber forest products but also for
ecological and hydrological reasons of soil protection, erosion control
and water storage, DFW is committed to maintaining a sufficiently large,
productive, ecologically sound and sustainable managed forest area.
on degraded forest land
year DFW is engaged in reforestation activities mostly in cooperation with
provincial, district and community authorities. DFW produces seedlings and
assists with land preparation. However, due to serious constraints
relating to nursery and transportation capacities as well as lack of
manpower and funding the rate of reforestation is totally insufficient in
comparison to the rate of forest degradation. Total achievement of
reforestation by the DFW and provincial’s planting stations
are 850 ha.
February 2001, MAFF in collaboration with JICA organized a workshop on
“Strategies for Forest Rehabilitation in Cambodia “. The objective of
this workshop was to explore possibilities and constraints in
rehabilitating the areas under deforestation. JICA is continuing to
collaborate with the MAFF/DFW on a Technical Cooperation Project for a
period of 3 years starting from 16 December 2001 onward. The objectives of
the project are to strengthen the capacity of the institution and staff of
DFW in order to effectively implement forest administration and to upgrade
technical procedures necessary for reforestation and transfer of knowledge
to each target group. Based on several studies made by JICA, DFW and JICA
agreed on the following two requirements:
DFW should strengthen its institution and staff on forestry administration
including coordination and monitoring
of various projects supported by other donors.
DFW should apply a necessary technology to rehabilitate and to manage
forest resources through community
forestry. This technology should be transferred to relevant parties such
as DFW’s staff, Provincial forestry staff and local people.
order to achieve these requirements, JICA has actively promoted this
technical cooperation, invested in human resources development and
provided the equipment necessary for implementation activities in
conjunction with DFW. JICA is funding the construction of a training
center, providing technical advisors (a CTA, a training consultant, and a
coordinator), and a number of short-term experts, as well as equipment for
operation of this center, e.g., computers, generator, and vehicles etc.
» People’s participation in tree
participation in tree planting is organized every year under the national
Arbor Day, in conjunction with religious ceremonies, school campaigns,
government institutions, and private sector activities. Two million
seedlings of indigenous species such as Hopea. Dipterocarps, Dalbergia,
fruit trees, Acacia, which were raised in nurseries of DFW, provincial
offices, and Samdech Hun Sen Nursery, are planted every year.
JICA is also provided financial support to 4 tree planting stations of
MAFF to produce 120,000 seedlings for donation to people.
of community forestry methods suitable for Cambodian conditions was
initiated already in 1992. At present there exist 124 community forestry
projects which have been established with the support of national and
international NGOs in 15 provinces, 41 districts, 70 communes, and 225
MAFF (DFW) have been actively involved in the development of community
forestry. Progress was substantial due to the active and constructive
engagement of NGOs and the collaboration of various organizations, and
donor agencies as follows:
the technical and financial support from GTZ, MRC-GTZ, WB, and Concern
Worldwide, participatory workshops, DFW, supported by a number of experts
have drafted the Sub-Decree on Community Forestry. This Sub-Decree was
submitted to MAFF for review and pass to Council of Ministers.
with the Natural Resources Management Project of WWF with participation by
local communities (CBNRM) that is supported by IDRC/CDRI, Oxfam America,
and RECOFTC. The objective of this cooperation is to search for
information and compile the report with participation from local community
in a number of provinces.
with WFP in order to produce seedling for people and to protect seed
with Concern Worldwide with support from DANIDA with the objective of
promoting and applying
community forestry in Kompong Chnang and Pursat Provinces.
with Community Forestry Research Project (CFRP) with support from IDRC/RECOFTC
research and coordinate the possibility of implementing community forestry
in Kampot, Koh Kong, and Kratie Provinces.
databank and information system for community forest management in
Cambodia with support from
support from ITTO, MAFF/DFW is conducting a socioeconomic study in
Angkor Chey district, Kam Pot Province,
in order to collect data for pre-project proposal preparation on community
The MAFF/DFW in collaboration with the Cambodian-German Forestry Project
supported by GTZ, achieved as following:
an internal working group on National Forest Policy (NFP). The working
group is drafting and distributing
the National Forest Policy Statement for comments by relevant
the implementation of NFP to be consistent with IPF, which MAFF/DFW may
submit to and communicate
analysis of the new proposed forestry administration, identification of
mandate and responsibilities for
financial support for DFW staff to join meeting and training workshop
relating to forestry sector.
support for 10 staff of DFW to study towards MBA degree.
liaison and cooperation on forestry matters between higher-level forestry
institutions of Cambodia, Germany
and analyze community forestry issues within Cambodia and the neighboring
countries for the development
of extension forestry strategies in Cambodia.
establish, and implement capacity building and forest extension activities
in Kampong Speu province
toward forestry community development on degraded forestland.
financial support for developing and printing forestry extension material
to be distributed at Arbor Day.
seed and genetic conservation
MAFF (DFW) is implementing the Cambodian Forest Tree Seed Project with
technical and financial support from the Government of Denmark through
DANIDA. Objective of this project is to strengthen the capacity of the DFW
in the field of forest seed collection, storage and use for a better
quality especially for local species and conservation of forest tree gene
resources. The main activities are arranging a management structure on
forest tree seed training and extension, to identify a strategy of forest
gene conservation, and establishing a forest seed lab for purpose of
research on individual species. At its first stage, an area of 12.5 ha of
forestland located in PALPOL commune, THBENG MEAN CHEY district, PREAH
VIHEAR province, has been identified as forest seed and gene conservation
orchard for a selected species of NEANG NUON. In addition to that, another
area of 117 ha of forest land located in TUMREING commune, SANDAN
district, Kompong Thom Province, in COLEXIM concession company, has been
declared by MAFF for forest seed and gene conservation orchard for DAUN
CHEM, KRA KOH, CHHEU TEAL, PHDEAK. LUMBOR, and CHOR CHONG.
has proposed 3 protected forests are to be adopted under the Sub-Decree
- Protection Forest for Conservation of Wildlife and Gene Resource in
MUNDUL KIRI province, 429, 438 ha.
- Protection Forest for Conservation of Wildlife and Gene Resources in
PREAH VIHEAR province, 190,027 ha.
- Protection Forest for Conservation of Watershed and Bio-Diversity of
the Central Cardamom Range, 401,313 ha.
Sub-decrees for these tree protected forests have been adopted by
Inter-ministerial Meeting, and subsequently by the Plenary Session of
Council of Ministers. The protected forests will contribute to local
the support from WCS, a study on Bio-Diversity Conservation has been
initiated on 306,000 ha within SL. International Concession, Mondul Kiri
and Kratie Provinces.
||» Actions and field survey on Bio-Diversity:
- DFW-Community-based Tiger
Conservation Project is an ongoing process in the Northern,
Northeast, and Southwest regions of Cambodia.
Cambodia Asia Elephant Conservation Project is at the planning stage
preparing for the third quarter of 2002 as follows:
DFW-FFI Cambodia Asia
Elephant Conservation Project along the border Cambodia-Vietnam (Mondul
Kiri and Rotanakiri Provinces) using Radio Collar and Satellite Tracking
and GIS systems.
DFW-FFI Project Managed Elephant Range in Southwest Cambodia.
Elephant Conflict Mitigation.
DFW-ICF, Sarus Crane Conservation Project. Extension has been
actively undertaken in the region of TRAPEANG THMAR Reservoir for the
benefit of the local community while cranes have been conserved and ANG
TRAPEANG THMAR has been protected.
Bio-Diversity Conservation Project has been started since January
2002. The following activities will be undertaken:
Bio-diversity Conservation Project in Mondul Kiri and Kratie
An action plan is being prepared Bio-diversity Conservation Project
in the northern region of Cambodia.
DFW-ITTO Transboundary Biodiversity Conservation Project. A
Sub-Decree has been drafted to set aside the Northeast forest region as
Wildlife and Gene Resource Conservation Project (Mondul Kiri). An action
plan for the implementation of Cambodian-Vietnam border for Bio-diversity
Conservation in 2002 has been prepared.
Siamese Crocodile Conservation Project has finished its first stage,
a study on the crocodile situation. Action plan for Conservation of
Siamese Crocodile in Central Cardamom Range is being prepared and is ready
for implementation at the end of this year. The result of the study shows
that the Cardamom range is the only place in the world, which remains with
the highest crocodile population living in the wild.
Gibbon Conservation Survey Project has completely finished its first
phase of study in some of the main regions of Cambodia.
Conservation plan is being prepared for future action.
DFW-WildAid Wildlife Law Enforcement Program is ongoing.
reserves the cancelled concessions areas as protected areas or as
Wildlife and Forest Resource Gene Conservation areas.
of Legal Framework
agreement from World Bank on loan for Agricultural Productivity
Improvement Project (APIP) — Fisheries Component, the Department of
Fisheries has selected an NGO Oxfam GB to help organize the process of
fisheries law consultation in three regional levels namely, Tonle Sap
area, Mekong area and marine area and a national level in Phnom Penh.
Tonle Sap area represents Great Lake fisheries/Tonle Sap River. The
consultation was made on the 5-6 June 2002 Kompong Thom province.
Mekong area represents Mekong fisheries/Mekong River. The
consultation was organized on 17-18 June 2002 Kompong Cham province.
Marine area represents Coastal
fisheries. The consultation will be made on 2-3 July 2002 Kompot province.
consultation is arranged with the participation and involvement of
relevant stakeholders. The objectives of the consultation are to
understand and gather ideas and important recommendations for drafting the
update fisheries law. Then, national workshop will be organized to improve
the new draft fisheries law with inputs from legal expert before
submitting to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries for
discussion in late August or early September 2002. It is hoped that the
new draft fisheries law will be submitted to Council Minister in 2003.
Sub-degree on Community Fisheries, which was recently discussed and
approved by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, has been
submitted to the Cabinet Council for consideration and adoption soon.
Sub-degree on Establishment of Fisheries Company as Public Enterprise was
also discussed and approved by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and
Fisheries. The Sub-degree has been submitted to Cabinet Council to
consider and approve.
on defining of mollusk fishing gears was accepted and approved by the
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Sub-degrees and proclamations that the Department of Fisheries has
submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries are:
Sub-degree on Fish Day
- Proclamation on Ban on
Fishing of Aquatic Animals and Distinction Dish
- Proclamation on Kreng Chiem
Fishing and Coral Reef Conservation in Marine Fishing Domain.
- Proclamation on Ban on the
Use of Electrocuting and All Kinds of Fine-mesh Fishing Gears.
In addition, the Department of Fisheries is planning to prepare and
formulate Proclamation on Dolphin Conservation.
the help from technical expert of MRC/DANIDA and discussion within
internal Department, management structure of the Department was redrafted
and submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries to
consider and approve.
Department has requested staff who was absent for several months with
notices and permission to be cleared from the government employee
framework. Also, the Department has shifted senior staff from one office
to another in order to ensure effectiveness of work.
Department has proposed to promote staff who have higher education/degrees
and are qualified and competent to be Deputy Chief of the Department,
Chief and Vice-Chief of Offices. Also, the Department has offered medals
to staff who are very active and hard working in their responsibilities.
the Department has made all-out efforts to seek for scholarships and
fellowships for the development of human resources.
Establishment of Community Fisheries
after the announcement by the Prime Minster in October 2002 to allocate
some fishing domain for local fishing community, the Department of
Fisheries had released fishing lots areas of 536,302 ha, which is 56.23
per cent of the total fishing lots areas, to local fishing communities to
do family-scale fishing. Moreover, the Department of Fisheries established
a new office — Community Fisheries Development Office in addition to
management structure of the Department. The creation of CFDO is to be
responsible for the process of Community Fisheries development and
management throughout Cambodia.
mission of the CFDO is to facilitate the establishment of Community
Fisheries throughout Cambodia and support their functioning as management
partners with the Department of Fisheries in the strive for efficient,
sustainable and equitable use of the living aquatic resources.
cooperation and support with/from Provincial and Municipal Agricultural
Departments, International organisations and NGOs such as, FAO, MRC, CAA,
CARRE, STREAM - DFID, CCD, GTZ, Oxfam America, Oxfam GB, IDRC, WWF and so
on, there are up to now 217 Community Fisheries —both freshwater and
marine fisheries, have been established. The Department of Fisheries as
well as CFDO is actively embarking on expanding the process of
establishment in the remaining Community Fisheries in Kratie, Stung Treng,
Ratanakiri, Kompong Cham, Kompong Thom, Siem Reap, Battambang, Poursat,
Kompong Chhnang, Prey Veng, Phnom Penh, Takeo, Kandal, Kep municipality,
Preah Sihanouk municipality, Koh Kong and Kompot. The implementation of
Community Fisheries is so important that local fishermen can participate
in the management, uses and conservation of fisheries resources of
community fishing areas.
there are several constraints for the establishment and management of
Community Fisheries. Such constraints are lake of experiences for
Community Fisheries development and management, lack of human resources
especially qualified and competent staff, and budgets for the operation of
establishment and management of Community Fisheries. Therefore, both
financial and technical supports from Donors, International organizations,
NGOs and government are really needed and appreciated for the improvement
of Community Fisheries development and management throughout Cambodia.
Construction of the Cambodian Inland Fisheries Development Research
to present, the Mekong River Commission (MRC) joint with Department of
Fisheries has already selected the Construction Company. The construction
activities have been started since mid May. The fund for Institute
construction is donated by DANIDA, Denmark, via the Mekong River
Commission with the Cambodian government bilateral fund. The institute
plays a very important role in Cambodian freshwater fisheries research
such as, study on biodiversity and the status of socioeconomic of
fishermen especially food security. The result from research would let us
know the impact and changing of ecology system through the Mekong River
development. Therefore, the research will serve as the basics for
recommendation for formulating and improving policy for sustainable
Fishing lot management and conservation
Fisheries Department established 9 working groups to check and to review
the fishing lot boundary after it was cut for the family fisheries. The
outcome of the working groups will reduce the unclear fishing boundaries
between the lot owners and the family fishermen. On the other hand,
because the government budget is limited the Department of Fisheries has
encouraged the development research fishing lot to do this job under the
development fishing lot project.
conservation it relay on the loan credit from World Bank. Up to now the 4
consultation meetings on the established new fish sanctuaries were made in
Battambang, Kampong Thom and Pursat province. As a result, the people
strongly supported these ideas in order to increase bloodstocks. The 3 new
fish sanctuaries will be established - 2 are in Kampong Thom and the other
one is in Battambang. In addition, Department of Fisheries with the
support from JICA, Japan, produced short video scrip for disseminating
people to be aware and participated in fisheries resources protection. In
addition, the Department of Fisheries is cooperating with TVK and APSARA
Television in order to produce short video humorous scrip and Cambodian
traditional related-song (Chapey), which mean compelling and convincing
audiences participate fisheries resource conservation and management in
Department of Fisheries is keen on seeking cooperation with partners for
mutual benefits and sustainable fisheries management. The Department so
far has actively cooperated with various international organizations and
NGOs such as, World Bank, ADB, MRC, FAO, JICA, ASEAN, SEAFDEC, WTO, AIT,
SAO, PADEK, UNEPs and others (see No.3: Establishment of Community
9 per cent of World Bank loan — Fisheries Component, have been
implemented according the World Bank report. This is because of slow
process of approving of the Department’s proposal by the World Bank.
Siem Reap is actively executing Great Lake Natural Resources Management
project. The project, which reaches the 3rd stage, has
embarking on various development programs including establishment of
Community Fisheries in Siem Reap province and promotion of aquaculture
Department of Fisheries is working closely with ADB to discuss and apply
for loan for Community Fisheries Development and Management around the
Great Lake and capacity building of staff.
has generously been supported the Department of Fisheries since 1994 in
terms of technical experts, human resource development and financial
aspects. However, recently, the Government of Denmark has deducted around
50 per cent of grants. This has affected some on-going projects in the
Department of Fisheries.
Department of Fisheries is cooperating with Japanese expert from JICA, who
has his office in the Department, to develop aquaculture and fisheries
development projects in the near future.
Department of Fisheries is a member of the Ten ASEAN Fisheries Working
Groups. The Department had its first privilege to host the 10th
Meeting of ASEAN Sectoral Working Group on Fisheries, 28-30 May 2002,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Also, this was the first time that the Department
participated in ASEAN Fisheries Sectoral Meeting and it was elected to be
the Working Group Leader for 2002-2003.
Department of Fisheries — Cambodia became a full member of SEAFDEC in
a partner with Aquaculture Office of the Department, has actively involved
in small-scale aquaculture and rice-field fisheries and the establishment
of community fish sanctuary in Svay Rieng, Takeo and Kompong Speu
provinces. AIT/Aquaculture Office also:
provides training on family-scale fish culture
- organizes workshop on
small-scale aquaculture practices
- produce and disseminate
simple fish culture techniques and rice field fisheries management in the
forms of TV, booklets, newsletter and others.
a partner with Kandal Provincial Department of Agriculture, has undertaken
integrated farming programs in which small-scale aquaculture development
is one of the core activities. These activities are similar to AIT/Aquaculture
Office. But SAO has supported the construction of Fisheries Research
Station. Hence, SAO has carried out more research on local fish species
and other exotic fish.
used to be a partner with Prey Veng Provincial Department of Agriculture,
has embarked on various project developments among which aquaculture
development was one of the core areas. PADEK supported the construction
of Bati Fisheries Research Center.
Protection and combating illegal fishing
and combating an illegal fishing is a very complicated and difficult task
because it does need equipment, budget, human resources, times and
voluntary participation from managers and stakeholders. However,
Department of Fisheries do the best to cooperate with local authorities
and relevant institutions to crack down Pangasius fry collection in every
closed season and clear out the brush part in the Great Lake. Some illegal
fishing gears were also cracked down: the electrocuting fishing gear,
mosquito seine net, trawls (Manh and Yangkav), machinery pushing net (Chheb)
etc. Furthermore, the Department of Fisheries combated illegal cutting of
inundated forests and the illegal bamboo fences, which block the fish
migration. In addition, the Department of Fisheries becomes a member of
Interim Commission of Ministries to crack down anarchic fishing in the sea
and to solve the conflicts in fishing lots with fishermen and issues on
seaweed culture in Kompot province.
discussions on drafting a wildlife law,
convening the meeting on National Forestry Policy Statement and National
to establish regulations related to forestry sector.
the implementation of Order No. 2 and Declaration No. 1 of January 25,
1999 of the RGC on “Measures
to Management of Forest and the Elimination of Anarchic Activities in the
Forestry Sector” and Declaration No. 6 of September 27, 1999 on Measures
to Eliminate Anarchic Activities in Land Grabbing;
the implementation of Declaration No. 5721 of MAFF dated 13 December 2001
on the moratorium
of forest concession logging activities;
the implementation of Cambodian Forestry Code of Practice;
the implementation of Forest Concession Management Sub-Decree;
negotiation process with concessionaires on forest concession agreement;
and Evaluate Strategic Forest Concession Management Plans;
the implementation of Bar Code Use as soon as SGS and WB provide technical
report follow-up with equipment
support and training.
Crime Monitoring and Reporting
cooperation with neighboring countries to curb cross-border illegal logs
the implementation of Forest Crime Monitoring Project;
collaboration with national and international organizations in order to
monitor and trace illegal activities.
reforestation on degraded forest land and distribution of seedling to
extension activities and encourage people participation in tree planting.
Make sure they are aware of
the importance of forest and wildlife, their benefits and effects from
losing the forest;
revising the draft of community forestry guidelines;
revising the draft PROKAS of community forestry management plan to be
consistent with the new forest
law, and Community Forestry Sub-Decree;
new PROKAS on Community Forestry contract and the Statute of Community
Forestry to be consistent with
the new Forestry Law and Community Forestry Sub-Decree;
draft of technical planting manual picture book and tree maintenance for
extension through local communities;
collecting data on community forestry implementation through out the
producing poster, leaflets, slogans, to contribute to the Arbor Day;
community forestry program with donor agencies and relevant stakeholders
and CGFP/GTZ cooperation and support
cooperation with international organizations FAO, JICA, GTZ, and DANIDA
and national organizations
in order to develop human resource and rehabilitation with full
participation from relevant stakeholders;
to establish natural forest seed and forest gene conservation program.
Forest Resource Conservation
the discussion and adoption of wildlife law, wildlife and forest gene
research study and develop the conservation and wildlife rescue center;
study on other areas potential for bio-diversity conservation;
the implementation of wildlife law and regulations, extension and educate
people on endangered wildlife
species and encourage them to protect them.
Existing fish sanctuaries will strictly be protected and conserved
through patrol that illegal fishing would be prevented. Moreover, tree trunks or poles will be planted in
the fish sanctuaries to create obstacle for illegal fishing.
- In the future, coral reef
areas will be protected and included for sanctuaries.
- Continuation of study and
research for appropriate areas for new fish sanctuaries —both
freshwater and marine. The study and research will focus on types of
habitats, socio-economic status of people who live around those areas.
Continuation of Update of
Framework and Law Enforcement
The Department of Fisheries is scheduled to make a proclamation on
Fisheries Product Hygiene.
- The Department of Fisheries will strengthen law enforcement both
in freshwater and marine fisheries domains through extensive dissemination of Fisheries Law
especially Community Fisheries to all people to ensure that they understand the law and Community Fisheries.
- The Department of Fisheries
will ensure that participation from Community Fisheries is necessary for
sustainable management and conservation of fisheries resources.
- Moreover, the Department of
Fisheries is planning and undertaking the improvement of staff capacity
and more effective inspection systems through staff training on
fisheries law and the applications of controlling and monitoring technologies.
Preparation of long term strategy and Policy
Department of Fisheries is in the process of preparing a longtime policy
and strategy (2001-2002) that will establish a framework for fisheries
management and development and linked with the development policy of the
Royal government. At the moment DoF planned to finish consultation on the
draft of Master Plan at the end of year 2002. Moreover, DoF also
established development strategies that involved with Mekong River Basin.
Strengthening the fishing communities
Continue to organize the remaining communities in both marine and
inland fisheries especially in the areas that have been released by the fishing lot reform.
- Cooperate and coordinate
with NGOs, and relevant institutions to strengthen fishing communities to
enable them to manage themselves
- Evaluate and assess the
effectiveness of the fisheries reform and especially the fishing community
is seeking assistance from international and regional organizations
including ASEAN, SEAFDEC, NACA, JICA and FAO to continue research
especially related to the on going of community fisheries establishment.
National budget to serve in the monitoring, conservation and
surveillance fisheries resources activities is still limited.
- The existing materials and
equipment for the monitoring, conservation and surveillance is too old and
- Inundated forest is
suffering by cutting for rice farm.
- Limitation of budget for establishment and improvement community
general, since the second mandate RGC under the wise leadership of Samdech HUN SEN, Prime Minister of the Royal Government of Cambodia, and
under the full and active participation from all levels of government
institutions relevant international communities, the Ministry of
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has successfully implemented with
satisfactory results in curbing of all anarchic forest and fisheries
activities. These achievements have drawn the attention from both national
and international agencies on the best efforts of the second mandate of
the RGC in its forest and fisheries policy reform process.
we still have a long way to proceed towards our anticipated goal,
especially related to the monitoring, evaluation and management of
Natural resources (forest/wildlife and fisheries resource) in Cambodia.
Moreover, technical and financial assistance should be maintained to
secure continued support to the forest and fisheries policy reform process
toward sustainable natural resources management.