Evidence-based Development Management through the Cambodia ODA Database
National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP)
provides the overarching framework for implementing development activities
and for programming domestic and external resources in Cambodia. In this
context, and noting the obligations of both Government and development
partners to the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, the Royal
Government has developed its own ODA Database to promote effective aid
Cambodia ODA Database has the following
all development finance to Cambodia from all sources
promote the effective planning, budgeting and management of external
provide public access to information on aid provided to Cambodia
support empirical analysis and the provision of practical
policy-relevant advice (see the
Aid Effectiveness Report).
How does the ODA
Database support the Aid Effectiveness Agenda?
In addition to being
signatories to the Paris Declaration, the Royal Government and its
development partners have signed a local
Declaration that commits all parties to the implementation of
Harmonisation, Alignment and Results
(H-A-R) Action Plan. For Government and development partners,
the ODA Database provides a strategic management tool to support the
implementation of good practices in aid management with regard to
coordination, planning, implementation and reporting.
Harmonisation and alignment supported through universal on-line access
to information on activities, sorted by development partner, sector,
modality or province;
Ex post and forward-looking alignment is monitored and supported by
comparing resources flows with resource requirements identified in the
Support to NSDP implementation, tracking of financial resources
contributes to an assessment of development impact as well as to
National ownership and partnership-based dialogue become more credible
as a result of enhanced information sharing.
What are the main
features of the ODA Database?
Database is developed and maintained on behalf of the Royal Government by
the Cambodian Rehabilitation and Development Board (CRDB) of the Council
for the Development of Cambodia (CDC). The ODA Database is an on-line
Microsoft Access-based system that has been developed and improved over a
number of years by the staff of CRDB/CDC. The ODA Database includes the
of project and programme details (objectives, aggregate commitments and
disbursements, sector and location details).
and query functions that enable the production of customised reports
(exportable to Excel for further analysis).
providing customised analysis of aid to all sectors (showing the largest
donors, the biggest projects, sub-sector breakdowns, historical
disbursements and future projections, Paris Declaration sectoral
Declaration monitoring is enabled and automated through the production
of project-level indicators to monitor progress by donor and by sector.
off-line data entry is supported.
How is data
provided and validated?
While the ODA
Database is Government owned and managed, the responsibility for entering
data lies with development partners. This decentralises responsibility to
those who often have the fullest information regarding planned and ongoing
aid-financed activities. Training is provided to development partners and
Manual has been developed to
provide additional reference. The Database Administrator then provides
on-demand help desk support (via email, telephone or specially arranged
Data entry is
required at the time of agreeing a new project. Additional data entry is
then required to provide disbursement projections (to support the planning
and Budget exercises) and to confirm disbursements (to support reporting,
and monitoring and evaluation work). Entering a new project record takes
about 20 minutes while up-dating project financial information takes less
than 5 minutes per record. Data is then validated by CDC staff who are
assigned portfolio responsibilities and who work closely with nominated
development partner focal points.
What is the data
critically important that the ODA Database demonstrates its ability to add
value to aid management work. The ODA Database customization process has
therefore ensured that the following outputs are enabled:
can be produced, including data on development partner, sector,
profiles can be produced automatically to provide snapshot overviews.
sector-level financial projects can be produced for planning and
Effectiveness Report monitors the implementation of the H-A-R Action
Plan and provides empirically-derived policy-relevant recommendations to
both Government and development partners.
What are the
criteria for success?
Cambodia ODA Database is an information management tool. Like all similar
systems, it can only be an effective tool if is integrated into an
institutional and organizational structure that promotes a comprehensive
approach to the management and coordination of both domestic and external
resources. Specifically this means:
Strategic Framework for Development Cooperation
Management provides the overall framework for managing
development partnerships and establishes the role of CRDB/CDC as the
national aid coordination focal point;
senior Government officials and support from development partners is
required to ensure that the ODA Database is integrated into macro-level
and sectoral management structures;
technical and IT-related capacity in CDC, across Government, and in
development offices to ensure that the system is well-maintained, is
user-friendly, fully-functional and populated with accurate and
Data must be
collected in as efficient a manner as possible and, to maintain interest
and support, concrete outputs, including policy-relevant reports, must
be produced to demonstrate the practical relevance of the system;
The system is
responsive to nationally-identified needs and the risk of
over-engineering an excessively elaborate system has been reduced. The
system has been developed incrementally based on a consideration of both
needs and available capacity.
Cambodia ODA Database can be viewed on-line at
and further information can be obtained from the Administrator (email: